Fluid pumping and active flexoelectricity can promote lumen nucleation in cell assemblies
Published in Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2019
We discuss the physical mechanisms that promote or suppress the nucleation of a fluid-filled lumen inside a cell assembly or a tissue. We discuss lumen formation in a continuum theory of tissue material properties in which the tissue is described as a 2-fluid system to account for its permeation by the interstitial fluid, and we include fluid pumping as well as active electric effects. Considering a spherical geometry and a polarized tissue, our work shows that fluid pumping and tissue flexoelectricity play a crucial role in lumen formation. We furthermore explore the large variety of long-time states that are accessible for the cell aggregate and its lumen. Our work reveals a role of the coupling of mechanical, electrical, and hydraulic phenomena in tissue lumen formation.
Recommended citation: "Fluid pumping and active flexoelectricity can promote lumen nucleation in cell assemblies", C. Duclut, N. Sarkar, J. Prost, and F. Jülicher, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 116, 19264 (2019). http://www.pnas.org/lookup/doi/10.1073/pnas.1908481116