Random traction yielding transition in epithelial tissues
We investigate how randomly oriented cell traction forces lead to fluidisation in a vertex model of epithelial tissues. We find that the fluidisation occurs at a critical value of the traction force magnitude $F_c$. We show that this transition exhibits critical behaviour, similar to the yielding transition of sheared amorphous solids. However, we find that it belongs to a different universality class, even though it satisfies the same scaling relations between critical exponents established in the yielding transition of sheared amorphous solids. Our work provides a fluidisation mechanism through active force generation that could be relevant in biological tissues.
Recommended citation: "Random traction yielding transition in epithelial tissues", A. Amiri, C. Duclut, F. Jülicher, M. Popović, arXiv:2211.02159 (2022). https://arxiv.org/abs/2211.02159